After a rather calm 2016, Europe’s most active volcano – Mount Etna in Sicily, Italy – found life last month 27. The eruption that occurred at approximately 6:00 pm local time through the relatively recent Southeast Crater formed by the 1978 eruption illuminated the dark Sicilian skies with fountains of bright orange lava. Along with characteristic of the Mount Etna ejections, the lava stream was along with Strombolian eruptions. The brief, explosive outbursts which are due to trapped bubbles of gas escaping over the lava can reach heights of various hundred meters, creating a spectacular show.
The natural display of fireworks that subsided by the overnight was intermittently seen again as late as March 4. A 2012 study saw that Mount Etna’s frequent, albeit brief, violent outbursts, called paroxysms, spew out enough lava annually to fill Chicago’s 1,450-foot-tall Willis Tower. Fortunately, the lava or ash in the most up-to-date eruption did not cause any damage or simply disrupt air traffic within the nearby city of Catania.
However, of course this lava explosion was benign, the ten,900-feet tall mountain which possesses a longer written record of eruptions than any other volcano, hasn’t forever been this considerate of their neighbors. Roman records from 122 B.C. indicate that the massive explosion not merely obscured the sunshine for a vacation, and also caused extensive difficulties for the town of Catania, which took years to rebuild. While we have seen several more incidents reported since the most destructive eruption occurred in 1669, when an earthquake that originated beneath Mount Etna killed 1,500 residents while in the nearby town of Nicoli.
More recently, in 1992, the metropolis of Zafferana Etnea what food was in the direct road to Mount Etna’s lava flow. However, massive concrete blocks dropped prior to the lava tunnel slowed down its progress and gave locals lots of time to dig different channel and divert the lava away. Though some homes, orchards, and vineyards did get buried, there wasn’t any demise. However it’s don’t assume all bad. Could be activity has contributed to ash-enriched soil that is great for growing olives and grapes, making Sicily where you can most of the world’s best this kind of oil and wine.
Scientists suspect that Mount Etna’s constant activity could be the consequence of its location along a subduction zone C the place where among the list of Earth’s plates moves below another. In such cases, it truly is where African tectonic plate has pushed in the Eurasian plate. As being the African plate is classified as Earth’s mantle, it melts. This causes the magma, the molten rock, and gas from Earth’s mantle layer to be sucked in to the space left behind because of the melting plate and erupt with the surface as lava and ash.
Mount Etna is bestowed upon numerous myths. Depending on one legend, it was you will find Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalwork, who forged the armor and weapons for Athena, the goddess of war, and in addition crafted beautiful jewelry gifted to both humans and gods. Another myth associates the mountain’s violent activity to Typhon, the god of storm winds who terrorized the Greek gods. Good legend, Lord Zeus was finally able to stop him by burying him underneath the island of Sicily. Because of the rich history, it’s no surprise that quick grown timbers . danger it poses, locals are quite partial to this highly volatile volcano they call “Mongibello,” and the beautiful mountain.
Resources: National Geographic.com, livescience.com, wired.com