Deep below the top of the West coast of florida lies a salt lake so deadly that researchers are calling it the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair.’ Measuring 100 ft in circumference and 12 ft deep, the brine pool gets its well-deserved reputation because of its warm temperature and high methane and salt content – a fatal combination for some unfortunate sea creatures that wander in.
The lake is discovered in 2014 by way of team of researchers aboard the exploration vessel (EV) Nautilus, which is exploring and recording the oceans since 2009. Curious to analyze further, the scientists returned a year later that has a remotely operated vehicle (ROV), the Hercules, you’re a close look on the underwater lake.
The clear images captured because of the ROV showed a circular, crater-like pool that rose 3 m (10 ft) across the surrounding seafloor. With brine overflowing in a very gorgeous ‘waterfall,’ a thriving colony of mussels, and black, red, and white nutrients inside the pool’s edge, it seemed to be an idyllic setting. That, however, changed should the camera caught the hundreds of perfectly preserved isopod and crab carcasses floating in the water.
The researchers, who published their findings while in the journal Oceanography recording, repeat the mussels, and fields of tube worms also found, are capable of survive this inhospitable environment for their symbiotic relationship with bacteria. The shellfish and marine invertebrates give a home for that single-celled creatures who return the favor by employing dissolved toxic gases, like methane and hydrogen sulfide seeping within the ocean floor, to deliver these energy.
However, fish and various sea life usually are not as fortunate. The high concentration on the toxic gases and absence of oxygen kills them right after they are in contact with the river. But because of the brine, which can be 4 times saltier than regular ocean water, the critters remain perfectly preserved. Eric Cordes, associate professor of biology at Temple University, who was simply in the study, says, “It could possibly be decades how the crabs are already there inverted.”
Though the ‘Jacuzzi of Despair’ isn’t only brine pool found within the waters within the West, oahu is the first one observed with a vibrant ecosystem round the edges. They express that and also enabling them to understand more to do with how these ecosystems form, the extreme conditions based in the salty lake also be a model for oceans in outer space. They may, one example is, allow us to discover what style of extraterrestrial life might be maintained by the purported subsurface ocean on Jupiter’s moon, Europa.
The brine pools while in the Gulf coast of florida spring from the thick layers of salt for its floor. If the seawater seeps through them, it dissolves the saline layer, causing it to break down and form depressions. Because of the extra salt, the lake is denser compared to the surrounding seawater, causing it to pay within the depressions, forming what we call underwater lakes.
Resources: Nautiluslive.org, treehugger.com,oceantoday.noaa.com,latimes.com, http://theterramarproject.org/